PARENTING FOR LIFELONG HEALTH PROGRAMME FOR ADOLESCENTS
PLH for Parents and Teens (PLH Teens) is a parent training programme for caregivers and their 10- to 17-year-olds. The programme seeks to establish nurturing caregiver-teen relationships and reduce the risk of violence against teens in and outside the home. It also aims to strengthen the ability of caregivers to provide a protective environment and ensures the health and wellbeing of their child through positive parenting techniques. Parents are taught alternative parenting strategies to reduce adolescent problem behaviours and avoid harsh disciplining techniques at home.
The programme is delivered by community-based workers and volunteers who are trained to deliver the programme in low-resource settings. The programme is delivered on a weekly basis in a group-based format with both joint parent and teen sessions (10 sessions) and separate parent and teen sessions (4 sessions) that introduce them to core relationship building and violence prevention skills. Delivery utilises a collaborative learning approach, with activity-based learning, role-plays and home practice in order to strengthen skills. It actively engages parents and teens on improving parent-teen relationships and communication through group discussions, illustrated vignettes of parent-child interaction, role-plays to practice parenting skills, home activities assignments, and collective problem-solving. These skills include:
– Establishing quality time for parents and adolescents
– Specific and immediate praise
– Dealing with stress and anger
– Establishing rules and responsibilities
– Responding to crises.
The programme also includes modules around budgeting, risk identification, and conflict management. Home visit consultations and a peer support component are also incorporated into the programme.
Since 2012, PLH for Adolescents has been through a series of evaluations in the Eastern Cape of South Africa to determine its effectiveness. These included a small pre-post pilot with 60 parents and teens in 2012, and a large cluster randomised controlled trial that included 40 villages and urban settlements, with 1,100 parents and teens, in 2015 and 2016. These evaluations have been led by academics at the University of Oxford and the University of Cape Town in partnership with UNICEF South Africa, the World Health Organization, the South African Government and local NGOs.
The study found long-term intervention effects for reduced abuse and corporal punishment, improved positive parenting, involvement, and monitoring. Effects on secondary outcomes included reductions in adult and child substance use, parental stress and depression, parental endorsement of corporal punishment, and financial stress. Cost-effectiveness analyses also showed that the intervention had a £588 cost per case of abuse prevented (95% CI £302, £10,737), and a total of cost savings of £2,146 per case of abuse (excluding potential costs for foster care, court, and prolonged child protection management).
OUTLINE OF TRAINING
Community-based paraprofessionals are trained and provided with coaching support from CWBSA to support the delivery of the programme. The trainings are provided to organisations and are facilitated by Master Trainers as well as certified CWBSA Trainers. There are three types of trainings that are currently being offered to organisations interested in implementing the programme:
PLH 10 - 17 Programme Facilitator Training
The Facilitators Training is a five-day intensive workshop on how to deliver the programme. Participants are introduced to the main programme components and session by session content delivery guide. The training focuses on establishing core facilitation and group management skills and is highly participatory so as ensure maximum participation. Programme delivery methods are demonstrated, discussed and practised during the training and the participants are provided with a comprehensive manual to use during group sessions. Training and certification of Facilitators is provided by certified PLH Trainers and PLH Master Trainers.
PLH 10 - 17 Programme Peer Coach Training
The Peer Coach Training is a three-day workshop that is designed to help participants develop the skills and strategies that they will need to provide on-going coaching and programme delivery support to facilitators within their organisation. Peer Coaches assist facilitators with week on week support to help them prepare for their parenting programme sessions. This training is provided to certified facilitators who are experienced in delivering the programme. The three-day training involves modules on skills and strategies to provide coaching support and deeper insights into the PLH Children and Teens delivery methodology and the primary theories and principles that underpin the programme. Training and certification of peer coaches is provided by certified PLH Trainers and PLH Master Trainers.
PLH 10 -17 Programme Trainer Training
This eight-day Train-The-Trainer workshop is designed to equip trainers on the core skills on how to design and deliver training to PLH Facilitators and Peer Coaches. The training is specifically designed to equip the participants on how to prepare for training workshops, structuring sessions and how to provide ongoing mentorship and sustaining capacity building support within the organisation. Training and certification of trainers is provided by PLH Master Trainers.
With the aim of establishing a strong community of qualified facilitators, peer coaches and trainers, PLH provides certification for trained personnel by assessing their skills and competencies to deliver the programme. The certification process ensures that service providers maintain quality assurance and implementation fidelity of PLH Children and Teens in order to maintain programme impact. Assessment requires submission of video recordings of key activities linked to quality assurance (often accompanied by transcripts translated into English). Certified individuals receive a certificate of attendance which acknowledges an individual’s facilitation and group management skills. An assessment report is provided which provides advice on areas of further development for all trained personnel. certification of trainers is provided by PLH Master Trainers.
PLH SENIOR TECHNICAL ADVISOR – Nomagugu Masuku-Mukadah
Nomagugu, is a Technical Programme Specialist for the Parenting for Lifelong Health Prototype Implementation Network. She is responsible for overseeing and providing technical assistance to organisations disseminating and scaling up the Parenting for Lifelong Health Parenting Programme for Parents and Teens (PLH 10-17). She joined CWBSA in 2016 as an M&E Implementation Officer. She has over 10 years’ experience serving in various capacities in the strengthening and implementation of child protection and youth development focused projects having worked for organisations like World Vision International and Oasis Trust. She holds a Masters in Monitoring and Evaluation Methods and has undertaken postgraduate studies in Child and Family Science. She is an advocate at heart and has been involved in co-authoring a book on student movements in South Africa.
MASTER TRAINER AND MENTOR – Sibongile Tsoanyane
Sibongile, aka Gogo, is a juggler, singer, storyteller, clown, and excellent trainer and facilitator. Originally from a small town in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa, Sibongile is one of the long standing team members of CWBSA who began working with the organisation in 2007. Starting off her work as a Senior Facilitating Artist, Sibongile now serves as a Master Trainer and Mentor for the Sinovuyo Caring Families Programmes. Working throughout Southern Africa as well as Ethiopia and Canada, Sibongile has told stories, performed clown shows, and facilitated workshops that use storytelling and play to strengthen relationships between guardians and children affected by HIV/AIDS, poverty, and violence. With a big heart and beautiful and contagious smile, Sibongile hopes to continue awakening joy and creativity in the lives of people throughout the world.
TRAINER AND FACILITATOR – Phatheka Ntsoyiyana
Phatheka was born and bred in the Eastern Cape Province South Africa. The eldest of four siblings, she grew up singing at church and started to be involved in community activities such as organising concerts and dance competition in high schools. In 2014, Phatheka worked with Love Life as a facilitator of their HIV and AIDS programme in schools and community clinics. In 2015, she joined Clowns Without Borders South Africa as a facilitator of the Sinovuyo Caring Families Programme for Parents and Teens. Phatheka now works as a trainer and coordinator our scale-up projects of Sinovuyo Teens in the Eastern Cape, Lesotho, and Tanzania. She thoroughly enjoys her work in the field and brings to work a love and passion of being engaged and working closely with people. She also believes in bringing positive change to communities because every individual deserves happiness and peace of mind.
CONSULTANT TRAINER AND FACILITATOR – Fundiswa Menziwa
Fundiswa, is a consulting trainer and facilitator of the Sinovuyo Caring Families Programmes for Parents with children aged 2-9. She was born in Port Elizabeth and she lives in Cape Town. Fundiswa used to work as an ECD Practitioner after she finished her studies at Falsebay College in Cape Town. From 2013 she started working at Clowns Without Borders as a Facilitator and was working around Cape Town areas up. In 2015 went to work in Eastern Cape villages and in 2017 became a Trainer and a Mentor. Fundiswa is skilled in training and facilitating both the Sinovuyo Teens and Sinovuyo Kids Parenting Programmes. Fundiswa loves her work so much since it is close to her calling as a Pastor to bring hope, love and strengthen relationships between families.
CONSULTANT TRAINER AND FACILITATOR – Sipho Mdletshe
Sipho Mdletshe, aka Sabee, aka Mr. Pink Tights, was born and raised in Pietermaritzburg. After matriculation, he couldn’t continue education due to financial constraints. A passionate football player, he devoted his life to the sport hoping to make a break through professionally. In 2007, Sipho broke his leg ending his soccer career. He joined the YMCA-Edendale as a volunteer facilitating workshops with children and youth who face challenges in life. Joining Clowns Without Borders in 2008, Sipho has performed throughout South Africa and Swaziland for thousands of children. He loves every moment of the work – especially facilitating residencies. He is very humble, passionate, and a hard worker. He loves his clown character.
PLH Country Coordinator (South Africa) – Nompumelelo Danisa
Nompumelelo, affectionately known as Mpume is a PLH 10-17 Country Coordinator providing support in the implementation of the PLH 10-17 in South Africa. Mpume started her NGO career in 1999 working with children living on the streets of Durban. Her work centred on building trust with these young people at risk, encourage them to make positive choices and if possible, reunite them with their families. This experience exposed her to extreme conditions of poverty and inequality, leading to her pursuing postgraduate studies focusing on the Economics of Development. She later joined CWBSA in what began as a very short stint to assist with reporting in 2014 and then become a longer relationship and home. Mpume is the go to person when there is need to come up with brilliant ideas and think-outside-the-box situation. She has a great sense of humour and a contagious laugh, loves people from all walks of life and is an avid traveller.
PLH Country Coordinator (Tanzania) – Dr Edward Moshi
Edward, also known as Eddokiddo is a PLH 10-17 Country Coordinator currently providing support in the implementation of the PLH 10-17 in Tanzania. He is currently based in Dar es Salaam but working across 5 regions in the country. He was trained as a medical doctor at Hubert Kairuki Memorial University in Dar es Salaam and practiced medicine at Muhimbili National Hospital. During his early university days Edward got interested in social development programs and started working with Young Tanzanian for Community Prosperity (YTCP) on different community development projects in Dar es Salaam, Lindi and Mtwara in Tanzania. He is passionate in helping to build resilient communities and is a social entrepreneur at heart. He enjoys farming and the outdoor life.
In South Africa, CWBSA supports various implementing partners delivering the Sinovuyo Teens programmes across three provinces. CWBSA has been working with the South African Government’s Department of Social Development and the National Association of Child and Youth Care Workers to train and supervise a cadre of facilitators and trainers to take the Sinovuyo Teens programme to scale in the Eastern Cape between 2016 and 2017 (funded by UNICEF South Africa). There are plans underway to implement the programme in other provinces in South Africa 2017 through to 2018.
CWBSA is also providing training and supervision for the implementation of the Sinovuyo Teens programme in rural farming communities in the Western Cape Province in cooperation with the Seven Passes Initiative and the University of Cape Town (funded by World Children’s Foundation).
In Lesotho, CWBSA is working with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and 4Children to deliver an HIV-enhanced version of the Sinovuyo Teens programme with a specific focus on families affected by HIV/AIDS to 30,000 beneficiaries throughout 2016 and 2017. CWBSA is providing training and on-the-ground supervision to 25 trainers and 390 facilitators, as well as support on monitoring and evaluation to local implementing partners (USAID DREAMS Initiative funding).
In cooperation with the Bantwana Initiative / World Education, CWBSA is providing training to 50 trainers and 600 facilitators to deliver the Sinovuyo Teens programme to 20,000 families across Uganda by the end of 2017 (funded by USAID DREAMS Initiative).
In Tanzania, CWBSA is working in collaboration with PACT Tanzania and the Government of Tanzania to pilot the programme across five regions in Tanzania. Under the USAID funded Kizazi Kipya Project Pact Tanzania has partnered with various civil society organisations to use the programme to reach 40 000 beneficiaries over three years from 2017 to 2019.
In cooperation with CRS and 4Children, CWBSA has trained 48 facilitators in the Sinovuyo Kids and Sinovuyo Teens programmes to reach 3,600 families during Year 1 of implementation. Further booster trainings, continued supervision and mentorship, and support in certification will be provided to ensure quality delivery of the programmes through to 2019 (funded by USAID).
In cooperation with CRS and 4Children, CWBSA is training 10 facilitators in both the Sinovuyo Kids and Sinovuyo Teens programmes for 500 families in Juba in 2016-2017. Further up-scaling and delivery will take place between 2017 to 2019 (funded by USAID).