PARENTING FOR LIFELONG HEALTH PROGRAMME FOR KIDS
The Parenting for Lifelong Health Programme for Young Children – also known as the Sinovuyo Caring Families Programme for Young Children in South Africa – is a parenting programme that aims to establish and sustain nurturing relationships between parents or caregivers and their children ages 2-9, and thereby prevent and reduce the risk of violence against children and maltreatment at home. The programme targets low-income, vulnerable families with children ages 2 to 9 years in low- and middle-income settings. The programme strengthens parenting practices and behaviours that build functional parenting competencies of parents and caregivers to connect and provide adequate support and care to their children. By building positive relations and promoting alternatives to violent discipline, the programme may contribute to the prevention and treatment of disruptive behaviours, and reduction of parental stress and depression.
The PLH 2-9 programme was developed to be delivered with high quality and fidelity by community-based paraprofessionals in low-resource settings. The programme is delivered on a weekly basis in a group-based format (12 sessions). The programme is a group-based parenting intervention grounded in collaborative social learning behavioural change techniques. It actively engages parents in positive parenting strategies to improve parent-child relationships and reduce harsh discipline. It uses non-didactic methods such as group discussions, illustrated stories of parent-child interaction, role-plays to practice parenting skills, home activities assignments, and collective problem solving. The programme is also designed to be relevant in contexts with high HIV-prevalence, with content covering taking medication and talking about difficult issues. Adaptations of the PLH 2-9 parenting programme have been developed for families with children ages 1 ½ to 5 years in Kenya (in Kiswahili), and for parents and caregivers of children ages 1 to 12 years being reintegrated from residential care facilities into their family setting in Uganda.
The programme was first tested in a feasibility pilot with 68 low-income isiXhosa parents and their children in low-income township in Cape Town, South Africa. The trial found that parents who received the programme, when compared to those who did not receive the programme, reported using more positive parenting strategies and were more likely to use child-led play. Due to these promising results, a larger trial with 296 parents and children was conducted from 2014 to 2016 in the same setting to determine programme effectiveness. This study found that parents who received the programme (when compared to controls) reported increases in positive parenting and decreases in harsh parenting and child conduct problems immediately after the programme was completed. These positive outcomes did not endure to the one-year follow-up. However, at the one-year follow-up, parents who received the programme reported more non-violent discipline than parents who did not receive the programme. Data from video observations of parents and children interacting during structured tasks showed that parents who received the programme had greater positive parent behaviour immediately after the programme as well as a year later.
OUTLINE OF TRAINING
Community-based paraprofessionals are trained and provided with coaching support from CWBSA to support the delivery of the programme. The trainings are provided to organisations and are facilitated by Master Trainers as well as certified CWBSA Trainers. There are three types of trainings that are currently being offered to organisations interested in implementing the programme:
PLH 2-9 Programme Facilitator Training
PLH 2-9 Programme Peer Coach Training
PLH 2-9 Programme Trainer Training
With the aim of establishing a strong community of qualified facilitators, supervisors and trainers CWBSA provides certification for trained personnel by assessing their skills and competencies to deliver the programme. Certified individuals receive a certificate of attendance which acknowledges an individual’s facilitation and group management skills. An assessment report is provided which provides advice on areas of further development for all trained personnel. The certification process will ensure that service providers maintain the integrity and implementation fidelity of the Sinovuyo Caring Families Programmes.
PLH 2-9 TECHNICAL PROGRAMME SPECIALIST – Anna Booij
Anna is part of the implementation network of the Parenting for Lifelong Health (PLH) initiative. As Technical Programme Specialist for the parenting programme for parents of children ages 2-9 (PLH 2-9), she enjoys providing support to a wide variety of partners to successfully strengthen families and reduce child maltreatment. After completing her Masters in Humanitarian Action in the Netherlands, Anna lived and worked as a development consultant in Liberia, West-Africa, for several years. When the Ebola epidemic brought her work in Liberia to an end, she joined Médecins Sans Frontières for missions in Pakistan, South Sudan, and South Africa. In 2016, Anna joined the parenting team at Clowns Without Borders South Africa to support partners in adapting and implementing the PLH 2-9 programmes. She continues to be amazed and motivated by the positive impact of the parenting programmes on individual lives, families, and communities across Africa and East-Asia.
Andiswa was born in Willowvale, in a small village called Nokatana in Eastern Cape. She then moved to Cape Town, she studied all her grades in Cape Town. She began her career in social activism while in High School when she participated in the HIV Community Awareness run by the organisation called Hope Worldwide. From 2010 to 2014 Andiswa studied Early Childhood Development at the college of Cape Town. During this time, she volunteered in ECDs around Khayelitsha developing her practical application of the theories learnt in the course. In 2013, Andiswa started working for Clowns Without Borders as a facilitator and trainer of the Sinovuyo Caring Families Programme. In 2015, she expanded her involvement with CWBSA as a facilitator, administrator and translator of the Our Story Your Story project. Now Andiswa has trained in different countries like South Sudan, Uganda, DRC Lubumbashi and Kinshasa. She is an amazing trainer, facilitator, and mother!
CONSULTANT TRAINER AND FACILITATOR – Fundiswa Menziwa
Fundiswa, is a consulting trainer and facilitator of the Sinovuyo Caring Families Programmes for Parents with children aged 2-9. She was born in Port Elizabeth and she lives in Cape Town. Fundiswa used to work as an ECD Practitioner after she finished her studies at Falsebay College in Cape Town. From 2013 she started working at Clowns Without Borders as a Facilitator and was working around Cape Town areas up. In 2015 went to work in Eastern Cape villages and in 2017 became a Trainer and a Mentor. Fundiswa is skilled in training and facilitating both the Sinovuyo Teens and Sinovuyo Kids Parenting Programmes. Fundiswa loves her work so much since it is close to her calling as a Pastor to bring hope, love and strengthen relationships between families.
CWBSA is providing training and coaching for the implementation of both the Sinovuyo Kids and Teens programme in rural farming communities in the Western Cape Province in cooperation with the Seven Passes Initiative and the University of Cape Town.
PLH-PIN is piloting a brief 6-session version of Sinovuyo Kids in collaboration with Oxford University and the University of Cape Town. This version is implemented by the PATCH Child Abuse Centre in the Helderberg area, with funding from the DG Murray Trust.
CWBSA is also building capacity for Save the Children South Africa to deliver the Sinovuyo Kids programme, with the aim of reaching 240 families in KwaZulu-Natal 2017.
In cooperation with CRS and 4Children, PLH-PIN has trained 48 facilitators in the Sinovuyo Kids and Sinovuyo Teens programmes to reach 3,600 families during Year 1 of implementation. Through certification, training of trainers, and continued coaching, a cadre of French-speaking Sinovuyo staff is build up to ensure quality delivery of the programmes through to 2019 (funded by USAID).
In collaboration with CRS, PLH-PIN has trained 14 facilitators in the Sinovuyo Kids and Sinovuyo Teens programmes, to reach 5,000 families between 2017 and 2021.
In cooperation with CRS and 4Children, PLH-PIN is training 20 facilitators in both the Sinovuyo Kids and Sinovuyo Teens programmes to reach 500 families in Juba in 2016-2017. Further up-scaling and delivery will take place between 2017-2019 (funded by USAID).
In cooperation with AMPATH Kenya and the Saving Brains Initiative, PLH-PIN has trained 54 facilitators in an adapted version of Sinovuyo Kids for mothers with children ages 1.5 to 5 years. Delivery will take place through to 2017 with scale-up of the programme in 2018 and 2019.
Together with the Philippine Ambulatory Paediatric Association, Ateneo de Manila University and the Department of Social Welfare and Development, PLH-PIN is adapting the Sinovuyo Kids programme to be integrated within the conditional cash transfer system for 4 million families. With funding from the UBS Optimus Foundation and UNICEF Philippines, PLH-PIN will help PLH train programme facilitators and trainers between 2016 and 2017.